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SPORTS INJURIES


Which types of sports injuries are treated at MSP?  

At Macquarie Street Physiotherapy we see a wide range of sports injuries – in both competitive and recreational athletes. There are essentially two groups of sports injuries: acute and chronic. We see equal numbers of both. An injury which occurs suddenly, such as a sprained knee caused by an awkward landing, is known as an acute injury. A chronic injury is one that has developed over time due to over-load, fatigue, structural abnormalities, or poor biomechanics or technique.

Below is a short list of commonly seen injuries, but a book could be written listing all the possible injuries that can occur playing sport!


Traumatic Injury  

Examples include:

Ligament sprains - such as ACL or PCL (cruciate ligament) or MCL (medial collateral ligament) injuries of the knee.

Muscle strains - such as a quadriceps (thigh), hamstring or rotator cuff (shoulder) tear.

Impact injuries - such as a corked thigh, bruise or contusion which cause bleeding within the tissues


Over-use injury  

Examples include:

Tendinitis – such as Achilles tendinitis, “jumpers knee” (tendinitis of the patella tendon), deQuirvain’s Syndrome (wrist), tennis elbow, ITB friction syndrome and many others.

Bursitis – such as trochanteric (hip) or sub-acromial (shoulder) bursitis

Stress fractures


Age-related overuse injury   

These injuries are specific to the developing adolescent skeleton, and often occur as the amount of sports participation and training is increased.

Examples include:

Osgood Schlatter’s disease – knee pain

Sever’s disease – heel pain

Sindig-Larsen-Johansson disease – knee pain


Diagnosing and Managing the Injury  

How the injury happened as well as signs and symptoms all help your physiotherapist determine the type and extent of the injury. You may need treatment only, or further tests such as an x-ray may be warranted. Your physiotherapist will guide you as to what is the best course of action. We will conduct a thorough assessment, plan your management, and assist your recovery from injury, as well as work towards prevention of recurrence.

Physiotherapy Treatment  

Treatment may include therapeutic ultrasound, massage, stretches, taping or bandaging, and specific exercises – these may be for strength, co-ordination, balance, and possibly core exercises. Advice as to what to do at home and work are crucial to your treatment.

At Macquarie Street Physiotherapy we look forward to helping you get active again.


Reducing the risk of injury   

Too much, too quickly: many injuries can be avoided by being conservative with progressing your exercise. Don’t try to “cram” for an event or tournament, or even to lose weight.

Body alignment or technique: seeking the help of a coach, personal trainer, or having your physio look at technique is a good way to avoid injury.

Warm up before playing – don’t launch into sport cold and stiff

Allow adequate recovery time between sessions – your body needs to repair between work-outs

Wear appropriate footwear – protection from the ground up

Wear safety equipment appropriate to the sport - helmet, mouthguard, etc

Cross train – for example, go to the gym to help support your body for tennis

 

Macquarie Street Physio